The Human rhinovirus is the common cold. It enters through the nose and attaches itself to the surface cells (epithelial cells) in the nose or upper respiratory tract, then copies it self rapidly like a fax machine gone crazy. If the cells of the respiratory system becomes weakened through emotional stress, too little water, accidents, poor food choices, lack of sleep, too little exercise .. the environment for your cells is challenged and often the body’s pH will become acidic. This allows the Rhino Virus to breed and spread inside your respiratory system.
How does it copy itself so fast?
The Human rhinoviruses enters the upper respiratory tract. and the virus inserts itself into another molecule called a receptor protein on the surface of a cell that is lining the nose, throat or bronchi. The virus functions like a key in the lock of a door. Once the virus locks itself to the receptor protein, it unlocks the cell and duplicates itself. The copy breaks away to find another weakened cell to infect.
The infected cells do not enjoy being invaded, so they send out chemical distress signals called that activates the healing response in the form of immune cells that will come to the rescue of the inflamed cells and try to quell the inflammation.
Infection occurs rapidly, within 15 minutes of entering the respiratory tract. Over 50 per cent of individuals will experience symptoms within 2 days of infection. Only about 5 per cent of individuals have a cold after infection in less than 20 hours. Five percent of the people will take longer than four and a half days to exhibit the Rhino virus symptoms. It grow well at 32°C the temperature which is the normal temperature in the upper respiratory tract.
Symptoms of a cold may include a sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and cough; sometimes accompanied by muscle aches, fatigue, malaise, headache, muscle weakness, or loss of appetite. Fever and extreme exhaustion are more usual in influenza. Children may have six to twelve colds a year. In the United States, the incidence of colds is higher in the autumn and winter, with most infections occurring between September to April. The seasonality may be due to the start of the school year, or due to people spending more time indoors (thus in closer proximity with each other),
Preventing the cold before it happens:
- eating plenty of fruit.
- exercising five or more days of the week cut the length and intensity of a cold from about five days in three-month period. Those that did little or no exercise colds lasted nine days in three months.
- Feeling fit and being active cut the risk of having a cold by nearly 50%.
- keep well hydrated
- eat lots of fresh multicolored vegetable
- get lots of sleep
- do stress buster activities like deep breathing, meditation, dance
- wash hands frequently
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