“Better brain power with coconut oil – Complementary Med. Association

Coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm. The oil of the nut (fruit) is used to make medicine. Coconut oil is high in a saturated fat called medium chain triglycerides. These fats work differently than other types of saturated fat in the body.

Research on the effects of these types of fats in the body is very preliminary.

Coconut oil is used for diabetes, heart disease, chronic fatigue, used topically for psoriasis and a skin moisturizer,  Crohn’s disease, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), Alzheimer’s disease, thyroid conditions, energy, and boosting the immune system. Ironically, despite coconut oil’s high calorie and saturated fat content, some people use it to lose weight and lower cholesterol.

Canadian researcher, Stephen Cunnane studies brain metabolism at Universite de Sherbrooke. Using PET scans, he found that ketones are indeed a possible alternative brain fuel… suggesting that the brain is slowly starving as  Alzheimer’s disease progresses.

If you provide an alternative fuel to replace the loss of glucose in the aging brain, the coconut oil may rejuvenate the brain.

Read more:

 

 

Congressional push Remove antibiotics from Food – Comp. Med Assoc.

From the Rep. Slaughter Antibiotics in Food Survey
The information supplied by the food industry, Rep. Slaughter, the only microbiologist serving in Congress, is urging consumers and the Congress to act now.

Editor’s comment: Beware of companies using antibiotics routinely in stock feed for “growth” of the stock when shopping. Congress must strengthen US laws in order to fight the excessive use of antibiotics in our meats and poultry production. Excessive antibiotics can make humans more prone to the growing threat of superbugs by decreasing our immune systems and intestinal flora.

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of foodsafetynews

 

“Eating salt -effects brain activity”

In older adults, the higher the sodium consumption and the less physical activity, the more chance the (aging) brain will be negatively effected.
The effects of physical activity seem to win out, so that habitual, moderate exercise may essentially ‘immunize’ the brain against adverse effects of higher sodium intake. However, the  more physical activity and less consumption of NaCl the better. (Getting the proper amounts of sun time is critical too.-(editor’s note)
It is well known that a high sodium intake stresses out the cardiovascular system. Given the link between cardiovascular factors, such as hypertension, and brain health, in a study of more than 1200 older adults with normal cognitive function at the outset, researchers found that a high intake of sodium combined with low levels of physical activity was associated with a decline in global cognitive function over 3 years.
After age, sex, education, waist circumference, diabetes, and overall diet were controlled, the study showed that for those with low physical active, sodium intake and cognitive decline was most impacted over time.
Excerpts courtesy of medscape.com http://goo.gl/Byjtr

Image courtesy of wikimedia.org  http://goo.gl/PTUKb

“Hope for healing Vitamin D + Cancer”

“This is like the Holy Grail of cancer medicine; vitamin D produced a drop in cancer rates greater than that for quitting smoking, or indeed any other countermeasure in existence.”

~ Dennis Mangan, clinical laboratory scientist

The Vitamin D Council, a nonprofit educational corporation based in California, launches their “Vitamin D and Cancer” campaign today, presenting 20 detailed summaries of the evidence on the role of vitamin D in preventing cancer. Epidemiologist Dr. William Grant prepared the evidence-based summaries. He is the founder of the nonprofit organization, Sunlight, Nutrition and Health Research Center (SUNARC) and serves as the Science Director for the Vitamin D Council.

Some researchers believe the link between vitamin D sufficiency and a decreased risk in cancer is promising. A randomized controlled trial found a 77% reduction in all-cancer incidence when the study group supplemented with 1100 IU/day of vitamin D plus 1450 mg/day calcium. Says Dr. Grant, “Based on various studies of UVB, vitamin D and cancer to date, it appears that global cancer burden can be reduced by 15-25% if everyone had vitamin D blood levels above 40 ng/ml.”

The summaries can be found under the “Health conditions” tab on the Vitamin D Council website, or more specifically at http://www.vitamindcouncil.org/health-conditions/cancer/. The Vitamin D Council hopes the campaign will spread more awareness about the importance of vitamin D sufficiency and the dangers of vitamin D deficiency.

For the top ten facts about vitamin D and cancer click here.

Information provided courtesy of the Vitamin D Council.

Image courtesy of thegodguy.files.wordpress.com  http://goo.gl/5culY

“Life +death- adult brain cell”

Knoth et al. as reported in PLoS One has been able to study the growth and death of adult human brain cells (neurogenesis). He uses the double cortin (DCX), a protein involved in cell movement and the extension of neuronal processes.
His study focused on the hippocampal cells included a large number of subjects between 0 to 100 years of age. It is believed that  neurogenesis declines with age in both man, rodents and other primates.
The hippocampus is part of the limbic system(emotional center) and plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory and spatial navigation. Change in the growth rate of these cells can profoundly affect memory, learning, recall of information and emotional well being.

The cell marker DCX found that  DCX+ cells decreased with age and there seems to be about a tenfold decrease from puberty to old age.

Morphology of DCX+ cells observed by Knoth et al.ranging from immature (lt) to mature cell (rt)
The oldest age at which DCX+ cells were still found to be proliferating depended on which endogenous marker of proliferation was used (Ki67 – 38yr, Mcm2 – 65yr, PCNA – oldest age). It is possible that major proliferation of hippocampal cells ends in middle age and that DCX+ cells found in the oldest subjects are the result of a very slow cellular maturation process.

Possibly there is a wide variance in human brain tissue that may or may not be age dependent, but if the research was ex[anded to include more seniors that lead a healthy active life style and were well hydrated these cells may not decrease has rapidly.
Does brain cell proliferation occur in old age more slowly? Much more work is needed.
Could this be a help to changing the aging of the human brain? Time will tell.

What do you think?
Excerpts courtesy of   http://goo.gl/iRmY2
Image courtesy of   http://goo.gl/uiu7y

“Eye changes happen before AD”

There is an old expression that says “The eyes are the window to the soul.” Now it seems the eyes may also be the window of Alzheimer’s disease.” – M. Wolken CMA 2011.

The blood vessels of the eye may be  the mirror to show if someone is in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). New research indicates that the disease has been reported to affect the eye and the brain tissues.
Will this become the much needed early detection diagnostic tool in preventing or modifying the destruction caused by this condition?

Using the eyes as a window to brain activity is much more accessible for imaging than the brain, according to Shaun Frost, MSc, a PhD candidate at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization’s Australian e-Health Research Center, in Perth, Australia.
Retinal Photographs -the retinal vascular changes as a biomarker for AD.

There is a relationship between those parameters or biomarkers and the build up of neocortical plaque as early sign of AD.

“Today, there is no single method for detecting Alzheimer’s until the disease is well advanced,” he said. Current positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging scans can detect some brain changes, but can be expensive and technically challenging, so are impractical for testing in large populations.
In the research, retinal photographs were collected and analyzed using semiautomated software to examine a variety of parameters, including the width of retinal vessels. The researchers calculated the central retinal arterial and venular equivalent thickness and arteriolar-venular ratio (AVR) for each participant. All had amyloid plaque burden measured using PET Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) imaging as part of the AIBL study protocol.
They found the AVR was higher in patients with AD (P = .001) and that veins were thinner (P =.01). “Now that we’ve separated the healthy controls into those who test positive and those who test negative for elevated plaque burden, you see a difference in the retina between those groups,” Mr. Frost explained. “The latter patients are considered to have preclinical AD…These findings indicate a relationship between Alzheimer’s disease, changes in the retina, and plaque burden in the brain…”
Research is looking at other changes in the eye that might relate to AD, including supranuclear cataracts and other molecular changes.

Excerpts courtesy of http://goo.gl/0Grqm

Excerpts courtesy of  http://goo.gl/oIuJW

Image courtesy of  http://goo.gl/GD82d

Image courtesy of

“Want fried glucose in your brain?”

Do you want to serve yourself up some” fried glucose” in your brain? Just use your cell phone for 50 minutes at a time while holding it against your ear. The brain glucose metabolism in the region closest to the phone’s antenna is effected.

What is glucose?   Glucose, blood sugar, the major energy source for brain energy enters the brain from the arterial side and is absorbed by astrocytes, which then transform glucose to lactate. Lactate exchange occurs with neurons, which oxidize it to CO2 and H2O drained by the venous blood. The increase in lactate levels and the uncoupling between oxygen consumption and glucose uptake revealed by PET at the early stages of activation, cause lactate fluxes between astrocytes and neurons.

When you hold a cell phone to your ear in an on position for 50 minutes or more it changes the way glucose moves through the brain cells. The area begins to heat only after 5 minutes and changes the biochemistry as proven by PET scans.
During cell phone use in the on and then off positions and found that although whole-brain metabolism was not affected, metabolism was increased in the orbitofrontal cortex and the temporal pole areas of the brain while the cell phone was on, areas that are close to where phone’s antenna meets the head.(brain energy metabolism).
  
Blood-borne glucose is the brain’s fuel and is needed to supply the moment-to-moment changes in energy demand during information processing, the local rates of blood flow and glucose utilization are closely linked to the activities of brain cells. Because the blood-brain barrier restricts transfer of material from blood into brain, many compounds that are readily metabolized by cultured brain cells or brain slices, including lactate, cannot be transported into adult brain in vivo in sufficient quantities to compensate for inadequate levels of glucose and support the brain’s high and continuous energy demand.
Nora D. Volkow, MD, from the National Institute on Drug Abuse in Bethesda, Maryland Hands-free devices or speaker-phone mode should be used to avoid direct contact of the telephone with the head. Previous work suggests that if the phone is a foot or more away it is very unlikely to have any effects, she said.
Caution may be particularly necessary for children and adolescents whose neural tissue is still developing, Dr. Volkow noted.

Other studies have shown that the effects of radio frequency-modulated electromagnetic fields (RF-EMFs), particularly carcinogenic effects show some relationship between cell phones and the risk of brain tumor development.
Dr. Volkow’s studies over the past 15 years have shown:

  •  the the brain’s function is affected by brain imaging technologies, including PET and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) these magnetic fields affect brain glucose metabolism,
  •  static magnetic field of a 4-T MRI does not affect brain metabolism
  • when magnetic fields were changed rapidly, which produces electrical currents, there was a significant increase in glucose metabolism in the brain. They wondered whether the RF-EMFs produced by cell phones might do the same thing.

 metabolism in the regions closest to the antenna, the orbitofrontal cortex (the thinking and decision-making area of the  brain) and temporal pole (part of the temporal lobe). The temporal lobe is involved in auditory perception and is home to the primary auditory cortex. It is also important for the processing of semantics in both speech and vision. The temporal lobe contains the hippocampus and plays a key role in the formation of long-term memory. was significantly higher when the cell phone was on.
Henry Lai, PhD, from the Department of Bioengineering at the University of Washington, Seattle, and Lennart Hardell, MD, PhD, from the Department of Oncology at University Hospital, Orebro, Sweden, point out that this is the first investigation in humans of glucose metabolism in the brain after cell phone use.
”The results by Volkow et al add to the concern about possible acute and long-term health effects of radiofrequency emissions from wireless phones, including both mobile and cordless desktop phones,” they write.
”Although the biological significance, if any, of increased glucose metabolism from acute cell phone exposure is unknown, the results warrant further investigation.
“
The effects are unlikely to be mediated by the substantial increase in temperature seen with cell phones given the activation was “quite distant” from where the cell phone made contact, they speculate. Further, since the subjects were only listening rather than talking on the phone, “the effect observed could thus potentially be more pronounced in normal-use situations.”
Another major concern is the effects of unmonitored cell phone towers that spider web across the US each one producing many thousands of times higher EMF’s radiation than a cell phone.
 Resources
Excerpts courtesy of medscape.com   http://goo.gl/jIxeuhttp
Excerpts courtesy of  ajpregu.physiology.org  http://goo.gl/hEP9o
Excerpts courtesy of  acnp.org   http://goo.gl/VHvfP

Image  courtesy of quickblogcast.com  http://goo.gl/ZKjwv

“Last antibiotic standing-losing to Gonorrhea”

The last line of defense for treating gonorrhea is crumbling, according to an article published in the July 8 issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC’s) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Cephalosporins, the last class of antibiotics that treat gonorrhea, seem to be losing their effectiveness as the pathogen quickly evolves to bypass the antibiotic.

After 10 years of study, the CDC researchers studying gonorrhea cultures show that higher doses of antibiotics are needed to inhibit growth in the lab The gonorrhea samples collected through the CDC’s Gonococcal Isolate Surveillance Project from male patients in 30 US cities. Close to 6000 isolates were collected each year.

A pattern of emerging resistance is developing says Gail Bolan, MD, director of CDC’s Division of Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention.

Although no treatment failures have been reported yet in the United States, there have been reports from Asia and other parts of the world suggesting gonorrhea’s declining susceptibility to cephalosporin, said Hillard Weinstock, MD, MPH, from the same division.

At an Impasse

Historically, since the 1930s and 1940s, antibiotics have treated gonorrhea. However, during the past 40 years, the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae has developed resistance to several drugs, including sulfonamides, penicillin, and tetracycline. As recently as 2007, the CDC stopped recommending any fluoroquinolone regimens to treat gonorrhea, leaving cephalosporins the last class of antibiotics standing.

The CDC is down to recommending a cephalosporin (cefixime or ceftriaxone), along with a macrolide antibiotic, preferably azithromycin. Ceftriaxone is the most effective cephalosporin for treating gonorrhea, and azithromycin is better than doxycycline for dual therapy with ceftriaxone, the CDC notes. (Dosing recommendations are available in the article.)

Gonorrhea is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Among serious health consequences, it can lead to infertility in women and increase a person’s risk of acquiring HIV.

Given the possibility of rising resistance, clinicians should be on the lookout for treatment failures, Dr. Bolan said, which will show up as persistent symptoms or a positive follow-up test despite treatment with CDC-recommended antibiotics. Clinicians should also obtain specimens for gonococcal culture from patients whose treatments may have failed. “You need to find labs that are still doing the [gonococcal] culture,” she said.

CDC Recommendations

The CDC recommends that individual providers:

  • promptly treat all patients diagnosed with gonorrhea according to CDC Treatment Guidelines,
  • obtain cultures to test for decreased susceptibility from any patients with suspected or documented gonorrhea treatment failures, and
  • report any suspected treatment failure to local or state public health officials within 24 hours, helping to ensure that any future resistance is recognized early.

Clinicians who care for patients with gonorrhea, especially men who have sex with men in the western United States, should consider having patients return 1 week after treatment for test-of-cure with culture, preferably, or with nucleic acid amplification tests. The CDC report notes that the pattern of cephalosporin susceptibility in the West and among men who have sex with men during 2009 to 2010 resembles the drop in effectiveness observed earlier when a fluoroquinolone-resistant N gonorrhoeae emerged in the United States.

Although Dr. Bolan said she was not aware of any new drug development in the pipeline, the CDC and the National Institutes of Health are running a treatment trial on existing drugs: gentamicin, azithromycin, and gemifloxacin. The trial is expected to yield results by late 2012, said Bob Kirkcaldy, MD, MPH, from the CDC’s Office of Workforce Development and Division of STD Prevention.

“We really do want to have more treatment trials so that we have more treatment options down the pike,” Dr. Bolan said.

However, the development of new antibiotics is unlikely, according to Brad Spellberg, MD, author of Rising Plague: The Global Threat from Deadly Bacteria and Our Dwindling Arsenal to Fight Them. A fellow of the Infectious Diseases Society of America who sits on its antimicrobial availability taskforce, Dr. Spellberg characterized the next several decades as “a very barren period of time” in terms of antibiotics development.

Dr. Spellberg offered 3 reasons to explain his outlook: First, there is a significant scientific challenge. After 60 years of antibiotic discovery, all the low-hanging fruit has been plucked, and developing new antibiotics would be difficult. Second, pharmaceutical companies have found that they make much more money off drugs that target chronic illnesses, not ones consumers will take for only 14 days. Third, “nobody even knows how to do drug trials for antibiotics anymore,” Dr. Spellberg said, and the US Food and Drug Administration’s requirements, he explained, are unclear, infeasible, and/or unreasonable.

“There’s never going to be an endgame to this,” he said. Industry, he predicted, will exit antibiotic development. “It doesn’t make enough money for them, and the regulatory morass exacerbates the problem.” Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011:60;873-877. Full text

What are the signs and symptoms of gonorrhea?

Some men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, some men have signs or symptoms that appear one to fourteen days after infection. Symptoms and signs include a burning sensation when urinating, or a white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis. Sometimes men with gonorrhea get painful or swollen testicles.

In women, the symptoms of gonorrhea are often mild, but most women who are infected have no symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they can be so non-specific as to be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. The initial symptoms and signs in women include a painful or burning sensation when urinating, increased vaginal discharge, or vaginal bleeding between periods. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, regardless of the presence or severity of symptoms.

Symptoms of rectal infection in both men and women may include discharge, anal itching, soreness, bleeding, or painful bowel movements. Rectal infection also may cause no symptoms. Infections in the throat may cause a sore throat, but usually causes no symptoms.

What are the complications of gonorrhea?

Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both women and men.

In women, gonorrhea is a common cause of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). About 750,000 women each year in the United States develop PID. The symptoms may be quite mild or can be very severe and can include abdominal pain and fever. PID can lead to internal abscesses (pus-filled “pockets” that are hard to cure) and long-lasting, chronic pelvic pain. PID can damage the fallopian tubes enough to cause infertility or increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Ectopic pregnancy is a life-threatening condition in which a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.

In men, gonorrhea can cause epididymitis, a painful condition of the ducts attached to the testicles that may lead to infertility if left untreated.

Gonorrhea can spread to the blood or joints. This condition can be life threatening. In addition, people with gonorrhea can more easily contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. HIV-infected people with gonorrhea can transmit HIV more easily to someone else than if they did not have gonorrhea.

How does gonorrhea affect a pregnant woman and her baby?

If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea, she may give the infection to her baby as the baby passes through the birth canal during delivery. This can cause blindness, joint infection, or a life-threatening blood infection in the baby. Treatment of gonorrhea as soon as it is detected in pregnant women will reduce the risk of these complications. Pregnant women should consult a health care provider for appropriate examination, testing, and treatment, as necessary.

Alternative Health Care

Natural medicine’s approach to treating all diseases is to look at the whole person and provide treatment that is specific to that person. Through individualized care in classical homeopathy, nutrition, herbal,oriental and Ayurvedic medicines and stress management care, possibly coupled with tradition drugs a person has the best opportunity to heal, because the body is not simply overwhelmed with a chemical antibiotic in hopes of repeatedly and blindly trying to drive the invader out of the body. Overwhelming the delicate systems of the body with chemicals only surpresses the symptoms of the disease and creates deeper pathology. (For more information-Mary Wolken-editor CMA)

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of  http://goo.gl/D6iqt

‘Vitamin D and diabetes” http://wp.me/p13RKZ-qY

Researchers working at Tufts Medical Center in Boston, under the direction of Professor Anastassios Pittas  reported that 2,000 IU/day of vitamin D, given for 12 weeks, significantly improved pancreatic function in mildly overweight adults with pre-diabetes. Unfortunately, the lead author, Dr. Joanna Mitri, did not comment on the low dose of vitamin D they used, 2,000 IU/day, which only increased vitamin D levels from 24 to 30 ng/ml. Nor, in spite of it being a randomized controlled trial, did the authors make any new clinical recommendations for the people who paid for their study, the citizens of the United States.

They found that pancreatic function increased by 300 in the vitamin D group, but fell by 126 in the placebo group.

Joanna Mitri, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Frank B Hu, and Anastassios G Pittas.  Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on pancreatic b cell function, insulin sensitivity, and glycemia in adults at high risk of diabetes: the Calcium and Vitamin D for Diabetes Mellitus (CaDDM) randomized controlled trial. AJCN. First published ahead of print June 29, 2011 as doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.011684.

In the end, they studied 22 volunteers in the vitamin D group and 22 in the placebo group. However, to give you an idea of what a feat this study was, how difficult it was to get enough subjects, they started with 911 subjects yet ended up randomizing only 44 into the vitamin D study. They did a parallel calcium study with 45 subjects, which found calcium had no benefit on pancreatic function.

The same senior author, Professor Anastassios Pittas, recently announced the results of a much larger epidemiological study that showed for every 5 ng/mL increase in vitamin D levels, the risk of developing diabetes dropped by 8%.  However, he was quick to warn that such epidemiological studies should not change clinical recommendations, only randomized controlled trials can do that. Then, when he oversees just such a randomized trial, not a word of clinical advice, only the ever-present request for more research money from the citizens of this country.

http://diabetes.webmd.com/news/20110628/study-vitamin-d-may-cut-risk-of-diabetes

Of course the Food and Nutrition Board will say they never said levels greater than 20 ng/ml had no added benefits, only that no good evidence existed for such a benefit at the time they issued their report. Actually, if you exclude the science of epidemiology, that is still a false statement. The point is that history will record that someone was wrong.  Maybe it will be me and the Vitamin D Council’s recommendation, going into its fifth year, that adults should take at least 5,000 IU per day.  Or maybe it will be Professor A. Catharine Ross, of Penn­sylvania State University, the chairwoman of the recent FNB that concluded 600 IU/day is the Recommended Daily Allowance, all adults need.  Looking at the study published today, it is clear that 600 IU/day would not have resulted in a significant improvement in pancreatic function.

I predict that after most of the randomized controlled trials are out – in another ten years – the FNB will meet again and say “whoops,” it should have been 5,000 IU/day all along. However, by then the premature death count will be in the millions.

For a list of foods highest in vitamin D click here.

Reprinted with permission
John Cannell, MD
Vitamin D Council
1241 Johnson Road, #134
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Image courtesy of  abcnews

“House of Rep. votes no on GM salmon”

GMO salmon goes down in flames in US House of Representatives.
Good news!

The American consumer has been heard. Now will the Senate follow suite?

The The FDA has lead no studies to uncover the long-term health effects from genetically modified salmon or any other GM foods. The FDA has long held that consumers should not even know which foods contain genetically modified ingredients.

Many consumers in the US mistakenly believe that the FDA approves GM foods through rigorous, in-depth, long-term studies. In reality, the agency has absolutely no safety testing requirements. Instead the agency relies on research from companies like Monsanto that produce the GMO products for their scientific evidence of safety. Sort of like relying on a bully to gently take care of a class of wild toddlers.

GMOs,products are produced by modifying the organism’s genetic code with some type of poison, chemical or hormone. When this is done to a plant it causes widespread infertility.

Why did the “need ” for more salmon arise?

Seems by damming our rivers and  feeder streams, polluting the head waters with mining wastes and oceans with trash then over fishing these poor creatures their numbers are falling.
So why not grow a frankenfish in a polluted pond or at the ocean’s edge in pens and feed them chicken feed or better yet frankinfood and inject them with chemicals to encourage their growth year around.  YUMMY–YUCK!
Look at this bloated fish-three times the size of the average salmon that tastes like a “salmon” make three times the profit and to heck with the health of people and our oceans.
Why?

  • the pens never can be kept few of wastes.
  • If these fish get loose 5% are fertile and can destroy health fish not just of salmon, but any fish or  other animal or plant population that feeds on it.
  • GM crops and animals are generally banned in the more progressive health conscious nations.
  • Decreased Nutritional Value
  • Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria—Genetic engineers use antibiotic-resistance genes to mark genetically engineered cells. This means that genetically engineered crops contain genes which confer resistance to antibiotics. These genes may be picked up by bacteria which may cause an infection in humans or animals. (New Scientist 1999) 
Gene Pollution Cannot Be Cleaned Up—Once genetically engineered organisms, bacteria and viruses are released into the environment it is impossible to contain or recall them. Negative effects maybe irreversible.
  • Tell your Senate representatives we do not want any frankenfish salmon for on our plates -thank you!

Resources

Excerpts courtesy of   http://bit.ly/mcEEtH

Excerpts courtesy of  http://bit.ly/je1Jpt

Excerpts courtesy of   http://bit.ly/je1Jpt
Image courtesy of http://bit.ly/jTvrPR